The FDA’s website lists over 100 medications, but they’re often prescribed in combination with another medication.
In a 2013 report, researchers at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine looked at over 2,500 cardiomotor heart failure patients in the United States.
The study found that nearly 40% of patients with cardiac failure received cardioplegics at some point during their life.
“There is a significant clinical overlap between cardiothoracic surgery and cardiomedicine, with the latter typically being associated with higher rates of cardiovascular events and death,” Dr. Michael J. Maffei wrote in the report.
But despite the overlap, the study also found that cardiomegaly was the leading cause of death in the patients who received surgery.
It also found “that cardiogenic causes of death were substantially more common in patients who had undergone cardiorespiratory bypass surgery compared to those who had not undergone cardiopulmonary bypass surgery,” according to the study.
Despite the large number of medications prescribed for cardioprotection, many patients don’t receive the right dose.
According to a 2014 study, patients who receive cardiopolar therapy need a lower dose than those who don’t.
For example, if a patient received 1,500 mg of aspirin daily, he or she would need about 300 mg of this drug in order to achieve the same effect.
Additionally, the drug’s bioavailability is much lower than other commonly prescribed medications, meaning it can’t be absorbed by the body in large enough amounts.
So if a cardiologist prescribes a patient a large dose of aspirin, and the patient takes a few too many, it can lead to a blood clot, Mafferi said.
When the drug doesn’t reach the body as effectively, patients may need to take another medication to maintain adequate blood pressure.
Dr. Michael S. Lappe, a cardiopulmonary surgeon and chairman of the Department of Surgery at the University of Illinois, told The Daily Caller News Foundation that the vast majority of patients who undergo cardiopyrologic surgery are prescribed a low dose of medication.